Medications

Clomiphene Citrate: Clomid®, Serophene® ― A weak synthetic estrogenic compound given orally to induce ovulation in anovulatory women or to induce development of more than one dominant follicle in an ovulatory woman.

GnRH Agonists: Lupron® ― It suppresses natural ovulation during an IVF cycle by blocking the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) by the pituitary.

GnRH Antagonists: Ganirelix acetate™, Cetrotide® ― It has the ability to complement the actions of hMG or rhFSH medications by preventing the premature release of the eggs from the follicles.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): Novarel®, Profasi®, Pregnyl®, Ovidrel® ― Injectable hormone that acts like luteinizing hormone (LH) and is used to cause the final maturation and release of the eggs.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG): Bravelle®, Repronex® ― Formulation made up of equal amounts of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) derived from urine obtained from postmenopausal women. The injectable agent is used to stimulate follicular development in both anovulatory and ovulatory women.

Human Recombinant FSH (hrFSH): Follistim®, Gonal F® ― Formulation made up of only follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) produced by recombinant DNA technology. The injectable agent is used to stimulate follicular development in both anovulatory and ovulatory women.

Progesterone: Prometrium®, Progesterone in oil ― Hormone given as vaginal suppository or intramuscular injection in order to maintain the luteinized endometrium and support a pregnancy. It is used after an intrauterine insemination, egg retrieval, donor egg or frozen embryo cycle.

For more information on medications used in the treatment of infertility, contact the Beth Israel Center for Infertility and Reproductive Health.